I should begin by stating that I am not sure what occurred on September 11, 2001. There are multiple views to consider when looking at a controversial topic, yet most are stifled by traditional media. I am simply here to discuss known facts and allow others to decipher such events. Everything stated should be researched by the reader to test validity and promote further understanding of the given topics.
The Official Story of 9/11
Several Official findings have been made public:
- Nineteen men, part of sleeper cells of Islamic terrorism directed by Osama bin Laden, hijack four jetliners using box-cutters for weapons.
- The hijackers fly two of the planes into the Twin Towers.
- The hijackers fly the third plane into the Pentagon, later causing part of the building to collapse.
- Passengers on the fourth plane attack the hijackers, causing the plane to crash in Pennsylvania.
- “The structural damage sustained by each tower from the impact, combined with the ensuing fires, resulted in the total collapse of each building” (FEMA, 2002).
- World Trade Center 7 later collapsed due to fire.
The details regarding the accused hijackers are mysterious, to say the least. There is no hard evidence that any had boarded the failed flights, and substantial evidence that some weren’t involved at all.
- 9 of the hijackers have been widely reported as still living or as having been the victims of wide-spread, simultaneous identity theft. This website provides cited information on the accused: http://www.welfarestate.com/911/
- Crash proof passport: According to ABC News and the Associated Press, the passport of hijacker Satam Al Suqami was found a few blocks from the WTC. The Guardian Magazine was also skeptical: “the idea that Suqami’s passport had escaped from that inferno un-singed [tests] the credulity of the staunchest supporter of the FBI’s crackdown on terrorism.” Satam Al Suqami was supposedly on Flight 11, the plane that hit the North Tower.
- No video of any of the 19 hijackers at any of the three originating airports of the four flights has been made public, except for a video allegedly showing hijackers of Flight 77.
- None of the four flight crews radioed Air Traffic Control about hijackings in progress.
- None of the four flight crews punched in the four-digit hijacking code to report a takeover.
- No public evidence indicates that the remains of any of the hijackers were identified at any of the crash sites.
- None of the contents of any of the black boxes were made public for more than four years. What happened?
- The only public description of a stabbing is found in the 4-1/2 minute phone call from Flight 11 Attendant Betty Ong. It does not provide any details indicating that Arab hijackers were on board.
Here is an example of a reported hijacker being falsely accused, published by BBC news Co: “Saudi Arabian pilot Waleed Al Shehri was one of five men that the FBI said had deliberately crashed American Airlines flight 11 into the World Trade Centre on 11 September. His photograph was released, and has since appeared in newspapers and on television around the world. Now he is protesting his innocence from Casablanca, Morocco. He told journalists there that he had nothing to do with the attacks on New York and Washington, and had been in Morocco when they happened. He has contacted both the Saudi and American authorities, according to Saudi press reports. He acknowledges that he attended flight training school at Daytona Beach in the United States, and is indeed the same Waleed Al Shehri to whom the FBI has been referring. But, he says, he left the United States in September last year, became a pilot with Saudi Arabian airlines and is currently on a further training course in Morocco.”
Few, if any, of the hijackers were worthwhile pilots. None had previously flown jets, let alone large commercial jetliners. Hani Hanjour, the person accused of flying Flight 77 into the Pentagon, was failing his courses at the Arizona flight school. According to an employee, “He didn’t care about the fact that he couldn’t get through the course.” Rick Garza, a flight instructor at Sorbi’s Flying Club, had this to say about the two alleged hijackers originally thought to have piloted Flight 77, Khalid al-Mihdar and Nawaq al-Hamzi: “It was like Dumb and Dumber, I mean, they were clueless. It was clear they were never going to make it as pilots.”
In the second week of August 2001, Hanjour had attempted to rent a small plane from an airport in Bowie, MD. Flight instructors Sheri Baxter and Ben Conner declined his request, after taking Hanjour on three test runs, noting he had trouble controlling and landing the Cessna 172. Though Hanjour had attended a flight school in Scottsdale, AZ, for four months in 1996 and 1997, he never completed the coursework for a single-engine aircraft license.
Trained fighter pilots could have executed the maneuver that supposedly crashed a 757 into the Pentagon, but we aren’t talking about trained pilots here. It required making a tight 320-degree turn while descending seven thousand feet, then leveling out so as to fly low enough over the highway just west of the Pentagon to knock down lamp posts. After crossing the highway the pilot had to take the plane to within inches of the ground so as to crash into the Pentagon at the first-floor level and at such a shallow angle that an engine penetrated three rings of the building, while managing to avoid touching the lawn. And he had to do all of this while flying over 400 mph. Quite a feat for a flight school flunky who had never sat in the cockpit of a jet!
Flight paths taken by the hijacked aircraft prove difficult to explain. By flying from remote airports and going far out of their way, the attack planners could have encountered numerous problems, and would have had the air defense system functioned normally.
- The originating airport for Flights 11 and 175 was Boston Logan. This created about 40 minutes of exposure to interception for each flight before hitting NYC.
- Flight 77 flew to the Midwest before turning around to return to Washington D.C.. It was airborne an hour and 23 minutes before allegedly attacking the Pentagon. That would provide ample opportunity for interception even with air defense system failure.
- Flight 93 flew to the Midwest before turning around to fly toward Washington D.C. Had it reached the capital, it would have been airborne for more than an hour and a half. The odds of escaping interception with that plan should be nonexistent, right?
There are several elements involved in America’s domestic air defense. The air traffic control system continuously monitors air traffic and notifies the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) of any flight-path deviation or loss of radio contact. NORAD monitors air and space traffic continuously and is prepared to react immediately to threats and emergencies. It has the authority to order units from the Air National Guard, the Air Force, or other available armed services to scramble fighters in pursuit of jetliners in trouble. In the year 2000, jets were scrambled 129 times. . This failures observed in the air defense system can be attributed to several things:
Failure to report: Based on the official timeline, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) response times for reporting the deviating aircraft took much longer than normally observed.Comparing NORAD’s timeline to reports from air traffic control reveals inexplicable delays in the times the FAA took to report deviating aircraft. The delays include an 18-minute delay in reporting Flight 11 and a 39-minute delay in reporting Flight 77. The delays are made all the more suspicious given that, in each case, the plane failed to respond to communications, was off-course, and had stopped emitting its Identification as Friend or Foe (IFF) signal. Refer here: interception procedures were not followed
Failure to scramble: NORAD, once notified of the off-course aircraft, failed to scramble jets from the nearest bases. No plausible explanation has been provided for failing to scramble interceptors in a timely fashion, from bases within range, to protect the September 11th targets. Fighters that were dispatched were both late and scrambled from distant bases. Early in the attack, and after first impact, it was obvious that New York City, World Trade Centers, and Washington D.C. were targets. Fighters were not scrambled from the bases near the targets and there were no backup scrambles. Refer here: interception procedures were not followed
- Flight 11 had been flying south toward New York City from about 8:30 AM. Yet no interceptors were scrambled from nearby Atlantic City, or La Guardia, or from Langley, Virginia.
- No interceptors were scrambled from Andrews Air Force Base to protect the capital, at least not before the Pentagon was hit. Andrews Air Force Base had two squadrons of fighters on alert, and is only about 10 miles from the Pentagon.
- The first base to finally scramble interceptors was Otis in Falmouth, Massachusetts, at 8:52, about a half-hour after Flight 11 was taken over. This was already eight minutes after Flight 11 hit the North Towers, and just 9 minutes before Flight 175 hit the South Tower. According to NORAD, at the time of the South Tower Impact the two F-15s from Otis were still 71 miles away. Otis is 153 miles east-northeast of the WTC. That means the F-15s were flying at: (153 mi- 71mi)/(9:03- 8:52) = 447 mph That is around 23.8% of their top speed of 1875 mph. At 9:11 the F-15s finally reached the World Trade Center. Their average speed for the trip was: (153/(9:11 – 8:52) = 483 mph) That is around 25.8% of their top speed.
- The F-16s from Langley reached the Pentagon at 9:49. It took them 19 minutes to reach Washington D.C. from Langley AFB, which is about 130 miles to the south. That means the F-16s were flying at: (130/(9:49 – 9:30) = 410 mph) That is around 27.4% of their top speed of 1500 mph.
- Andrews Air Force Base, located on the outskirts of the capital, is just over 10 miles from the Pentagon. One would have expected interceptors to be scrambled to protect the capital within a few minutes of the 8:15 loss of contact with Flight 11. Instead, no fighters from Andrews reached the Pentagon until 9:49, several minutes after the assault.
- Two F-15s flying off the coast of Long Island were not redeployed to Manhattan until after the second tower was hit.
- By the time the two F-15s from Otis (mentioned above) reached Manhattan, the only jetliner still flying with its IFF transponder off had just made a 180-degree turn over southern Ohio and had been headed towards Washington D.C. for 12 minutes. This was 34 minutes before the Pentagon was hit. Had the fighters been sent to protect the capital, they could have traveled the approximately 300 miles in: (1875 mph/300 mi = 9.6 minutes). They could have arrived in time to protect the Pentagon if they had flown at only 500 mph.
– Minimizing the Casualties
Contrary to the picture painted by media, the massacre that was 9/11 actually could have been much worse. Had the goal of the day been total massacre, surely it would have been. I propose the incident was engineered to minimize fatalities while maximizing trauma; here is why: The 4 hijacked flights had a combined occupancy of 29%, not including “terrorists”. The average flight occupancy for 2001 was over 70%.
When the first plane hit, the Twin Towers were well below their typical daily peak occupancy. Only about half of office workers normally arrive before 9 AM, and many were delayed by voting, since it was an election day. Many parents were also tending their children for the first primary day of the school year. Few tourists or shoppers would have been in the building in the early morning. Two hours later the buildings could have held around 50,000 people rather than the 20,000 present. If the strikes had been in the middle of the day, and the impacts had been centered and at the 45th floors (just above the surrounding buildings), 30,000+ could have been trapped and killed.
At the time the Pentagon was hit, about 20,000 people were at work in the building. Despite the significant portion of the building affected by the crash, only 125 Pentagon employees were killed. The portion of the building that sustained the impact, called “Wedge One”, had recently undergone renovations including the reinforcement of exterior walls with steel beams and columns.
There were far more lethal targets that the perpetrators passed over en route to the towers. Flight 11 flew directly over the Indian Point nuclear power plant, and Flight 175 flew within about two minutes of it. That facility contains three nuclear power stations, one of which was online, and a unit storing 65 operating years’ worth of highly radioactive waste. The plant is surrounded by heavily populated areas.